Anal fissures are cracks or tears in the anus and anal canal. Fissure may be acute or chronic. Anal fissures are caused primarily by trauma, but several non-traumatic diseases are associated with anal fissures too. They usually cause bleeding and severe pain. Trauma or injury can stretch the anal canal and create a tear in the lining of the anus. These tears are known as anal fissures.
Acute anal fissures the ones that don’t last longer than 6 weeks are common and usually heal on their own with self-care.
If your fissures are caused by constipation or diarrhea, you can change a few habits to help lessen the strain on the anal canal. These steps can help relieve symptoms and encourage healing in most cases.
- Stay hydrated.
- Eat a fiber-rich diet.
- Don’t ignore your urge to go.
- Don’t strain or sit on the toilet too long.
- Gently clean and dry your anal area after each bowel movement.
- Avoid irritants to the skin, such as scented soaps or bubble baths.
- Get treatment for chronic constipation or ongoing diarrhea.
- itz baths, or hip baths, can promote healing of an anal fissure.
A fissure that occurs on the side of the anal opening, rather than the back or front, is more likely to be a sign of another disorder, such as Crohn’s disease. The doctor may recommend further testing if he or she thinks patient have an underlying condition:-
- Anoscopy An anoscope is a tubular device inserted into the anus to help doctor to visualize the rectum and anus.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy Doctor will insert a thin, flexible tube with a tiny video into the bottom portion of colon. This test may be done if patient is younger than 50 and have no risk factors for intestinal diseases or colon cancer.
- Colonoscopy Doctor will insert a flexible tube into rectum to inspect the entire colon. This test may be done if patient is older than age 50 or have risk factors for colon cancer, signs of other conditions, or other symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea.
- Externally applied nitroglycerin to help increase blood flow to the fissure and promote healing and to help relax the anal sphincter. Nitroglycerin is generally considered the medical treatment of choice when other conservative measures fail. Side effects may include headache, which can be severe.
- Topical anesthetic creams such as lidocaine hydrochloride (Xylocaine) may be helpful for pain relief.
- Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injection, to paralyze the anal sphincter muscle and relax spasms.
- Blood pressure medications, such as oral nifedipine (Procardia) or diltiazem (Cardizem) can help relax the anal sphincter. These medications may be taken by mouth or applied externally and may be used when nitroglycerin is not effective or causes significant side effects.
These habits are usually enough to heal most anal fissures within a few weeks to a few months. But when they aren’t enough, ask your doctor about other treatments.
Piles Relief Cryotherapy Device is a drug free treatment, completely safe and with no side-effects. This device is only to be used for 7 minutes twice a day. This is drug free treatment, no need of any prescription. You can use Piles Relief Cryotherapy Device for months and throughout and after the pregnancy, spinal cord injury patients, all patients on antiplatelet drugs, diabetic patients, bed ridden patients and heart patients. It always provides a right dosage, no drugs and no risk of overdosing.